18 Dec The Free Trade Agreement Definition
1. Free access to all markets in Latin America for U.S. products and investors; Removing all tariff and non-tariff barriers. A free trade agreement is an agreement between two or more countries in which countries agree on certain obligations that affect trade in goods and services as well as the protection of investors and intellectual property rights. For the United States, the primary objective of trade agreements is to remove barriers to U.S. exports, protect U.S. interests abroad, and improve the rule of law in partner countries or countries of the free trade agreement. For example, a nation could allow free trade with another nation, with exceptions that prohibit the importation of certain drugs not authorized by its regulators, animals that have not been vaccinated, or processed foods that do not meet their standards. In 1990, then-President George Bush of the United States announced the creation of Pan-American Free Trade Zones, from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego. On December 9, 1994, negotiations for this free trade area began at the first U.S. summit in Miami, under then U.S. President Bill Clinton. At this summit, the 34 American leaders (Cuba was not invited) established until 2005 the Aerea de Libre Comercio de las Amricas (ALCA) or the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA).
But that was not the case. The last presidential summit on the implementation of the free trade agreement took place in 2005 in Mar del Plata, Argentina, where many Latin American governments opposed the ideas of the United States. Negotiations on the free trade area focused on four points: 2. Customs Union: Free Trade Area with uniform external tariffs. The second way of looking at free trade agreements as public goods is related to the growing trend that they are “deeper”. The depth of a free trade agreement relates to the additional types of structural policies it covers. While older trade agreements are considered more “flat” because they cover fewer areas (for example. B tariffs and quotas), recent agreements cover a number of other areas, ranging from e-commerce services and data relocation. Since transactions between parties to a free trade agreement are relatively cheaper than those with non-parties, free trade agreements are considered excluded. Now that deep trade agreements will improve the harmonization of legislation and increase trade flows with non-parties, thereby reducing the exclusivity of free trade agreements, next-generation free trade agreements will take on essential characteristics for public goods.
 There are significant differences between unions and free trade zones. Both types of trading blocs have internal agreements that the parties enter into to liberalize and facilitate trade between them.